Can someone with DiGeorge syndrome live a normal life?

Can someone with DiGeorge syndrome live a normal life? Many people with DiGeorge syndrome who reach adulthood will have a relatively normal life span, but ongoing health problems can sometimes mean their life expectancy is a bit lower than usual. It’s important to attend regular check-ups so that any problems can be found and treated early.

How many cases of DiGeorge syndrome are there? DiGeorge syndrome isn’t common. Only about 1 out of 4,000 people in the U.S. is diagnosed with the disorder every year.

How serious is DiGeorge syndrome? Medical problems commonly associated with 22q11. 2 deletion syndrome include heart defects, poor immune system function, a cleft palate, complications related to low levels of calcium in the blood, and delayed development with behavioral and emotional problems. The number and severity of symptoms associated with 22q11.

How common is DiGeorge syndrome in the world? DiGeorge syndrome is thought to affect 1 in 4,000 people. However, the features vary widely. As a result, underdiagnosis and misdiagnosis are likely to occur.

Is there a cure coming soon for DiGeorge syndrome?

Although there is no cure for DiGeorge syndrome (22q11. 2 deletion syndrome), treatments can usually correct critical problems, such as a heart defect or cleft palate. Other health issues and developmental, mental health or behavioral problems can be addressed or monitored as needed.

Does DiGeorge syndrome affect intelligence?

Developmental delay is often seen in children with 22q11. 2 deletion syndrome, including a delay in language. As the child grows older, intellectual disability and learning differences are likely to become more obvious. Verbal IQ is often greater than performance IQ as the child grows.

Can you live a normal life with 22q?

Many people with DiGeorge syndrome who reach adulthood will have a relatively normal life span, but continuing health problems may lower life expectancy.

When was DiGeorge syndrome first discovered?

The DiGeorge Syndrome was first described in 1968 as a primary immunodeficiency resulting from the abnormal development of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches during embryonic life. It is characterized by hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism, heart defects, and thymic hypoplasia or aplasia.

Is 22q deletion syndrome a disability?

Many children with 22q11. 2 deletion syndrome have developmental delays, including delayed growth and speech development, and some have mild intellectual disability or learning disabilities. Older affected individuals have difficulty reading, performing tasks involving math, and problem solving.

Does DiGeorge syndrome cause mental retardation?

Developmental delays and learning difficulties are very commonly associated, although severe intellectual disability (termed mental retardation in the DSM diagnostic system) is rare. Recurrent seizures are common, especially those related to hypocalcemia, and epilepsy may be present in about 5% of patients.

Does 22q11 affect life expectancy?

2DS, the 22q11. 2 deletion and more severe forms of CHD both contribute to a lower life expectancy than family-based expectations. The results have implications for genetic counseling and anticipatory care.

What does the 22nd chromosome do?

Sequencing and mapping efforts have already revealed that chromosome 22 is implicated in the workings of the immune system, congenital heart disease, schizophrenia, mental retardation, birth defects, and several cancers including leukemia.

Does 22q affect speech?

Speech and language development is delayed in the majority of children with 22q deletion syndrome. This may be due in part to structural differences such as a cleft palate (a hole in the roof of the mouth) or to functional difficulties (either VPI or oral apraxia).

What is the main cause of DiGeorge syndrome?

Definition of DiGeorge Syndrome. DiGeorge Syndrome (DGS) is a primary immunodeficiency, often but not always, characterized by cellular (T-cell) deficiency, characteristic facies, congenital heart disease and hypocalcemia. DGS is caused by abnormal formation of certain tissues during fetal development.

What is complete DiGeorge syndrome?

DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is a primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) associated with susceptibility to infections due to decreased T cell production and function due to an absent or poorly developed thymus. The thymus is the “school house” where T-cells are educated to fight infection and prevent autoimmunity.